Solid wood flooring consists of a solid piece of wood, while engineered wood flooring is constructed by bonding thin veneers of real wood to layers of structural plywood. In addition to oak, ash, maple, and walnut, both types are available in 50 species. While solid and engineered wood floors are popular choices, parquet floors offer a unique geometric design and can be a striking addition to any space.

Pros: Its enduring appeal can be attributed to its warmth and beauty. Well-maintained hardwood floors can last for decades, or even centuries, since the material can be sanded and refinished multiple times.

Cons: One of the biggest downsides is the cost. The most expensive flooring material is wood, though some species are cheaper than others. Solid flooring can also be dented and scratched, and solid flooring can expand and contract with changes in humidity levels, causing cracks, splinters, and squeaky boards (engineered floors handle moisture better, making them suitable for basements and kitchens).

  • Flooring made of laminate

Another engineered product is laminate, which uses a photo of wood (or stone) and a protective plastic coating instead of a veneer of wood. Fiberboard is typically used as the substrate for laminate flooring.

Pros: Laminate flooring is extremely durable due to its plastic topcoat, which resists scratches and dents. As a DIY-friendly floating floor system, it comes with snap-together planks that don’t need nails or glue, making it one of the least expensive options.

Cons: Laminate flooring is not often mistaken for real wood or stone. Underfoot, it has a plastic feel and sound, and the repetition of patterns makes it obvious that it’s fake. Since laminate floors can’t be refinished, they aren’t permanent. The use of formaldehyde and other chemicals during the manufacturing process makes it less sustainable and healthier.

  • Flooring made of vinyl

The fastest-growing flooring category is vinyl, also known as resilient flooring. You can choose between peel-and-stick tiles that are inexpensive, DIY-friendly, and luxury vinyl tiles (or LVT), which consist of multiple layers, such as a design layer with a high-definition image, and a durable top layer.

Pros: Sheet vinyl is a very affordable entry-level product. It is waterproof, making it perfect for basements and bathrooms, as it resists stains, scratches, and dents. Floating planks and adhesive tiles are easy to install. The look and feel of LVT are similar to that of wood. We often have trouble telling the difference between solid wood and LVT when our product experts test it.

Cons: The pattern and colour options on LVT have improved, but it will never meet the standards of true wood or stone. Once it begins to wear out, there is no way to refinish it, so replacement is the only option. Furthermore, LVT is often more expensive than real wood.

  • The carpet

In spite of losing market share to resilient flooring, carpet remains the largest flooring category in the U.S. The majority of carpet sold here is tufted, with nylon fibres poking through a polyurethane backing. In Europe, woven carpets are more common, and they are made by weaving lengths of yarn, usually wool, together. The cost of woven carpet is several times higher than that of tufted carpet.The cost of woven carpet is several times higher than that of tufted carpet.

Pros: In addition to being comfortable and cost-effective, carpet is also available in a wide variety of colours and patterns. It requires only regular vacuuming to maintain, and it is installed easily. Even easier to clean are stain-resistant versions.

Cons: For allergy sufferers, carpet is particularly unpleasant due to its ability to hold dirt and dust. As woven carpet does not create places for dirt to hide, it is better at resisting this. The anti-static properties of wool make it less likely to attract dust than nylon tufted carpets.

  • Flooring made from stone

The timeless nature of stone makes it a perfect flooring option for any home. Stone flooring comes in three types. Minerals dissolved in water and marine organisms form sedimentary stones like limestone and travertine. A volcanic eruption produces igneous stones such as granite. Under extreme heat and pressure, metamorphic stones such as marble and slate change their state.

Pros: The unique characteristics of stone flooring are due to the fact that no two stones are alike. In addition to its durability, stone can also withstand heavy foot traffic and fading under intense sunlight. Dust and allergens are also kept at bay.

Cons: The majority of stone flooring is expensive and requires professional installation. It’s almost certain that dropped dishware will break on stone floors because they are not soft underfoot. To prevent stains on stone floors, many types must be sealed.


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